Institute of Learning Styles Research

Overview of the Seven Perceptual Styles

print aural visual haptic interactive kinesthetic olfactory

Print Modality - A Print Oriented Learner

  • Often takes notes
  • May like to write on the blackboard
  • Remembers quickly and easily what is read
  • Learns better after seeing or writing something
  • Is often perceived as a “bookworm”
  • Grasps important concepts on first reading of material
  • Loves to read books, journals, magazines

Click on each modality to find out more characteristics

Print - refers to seeing printed or written words.
Aural - refers to listening.
- refers to the sense of touch or grasp.
Interactive - refers to verbalization.
Kinesthetic - refers to whole body movement.
Olfactory - refers to sense of smell and taste.
Visual - refers to seeing visual depictions such as pictures and graphs.