Institute of Learning Styles Research

Overview of the Seven Perceptual Styles

 
print aural visual haptic interactive kinesthetic olfactory
 

What Makes Perceptual Styles a Different Way of Learning?

Perceptual learning styles are the means by which learners extract information from their surroundings through the use of their five senses. Individuals have different "pathways" that are specific to them. When information enters that "pathway" the information is retained in short term memory. Repeated exposure and use promote retention in long term memory. The seven perceptual modes (pathways) included in this theory are print, aural, interactive, visual, haptic, kinesthetic, and olfactory.

Click on each modality to find out more characteristics

Print - refers to seeing printed or written words.
Aural - refers to listening.
Haptic
- refers to the sense of touch or grasp.
Interactive - refers to verbalization.
Kinesthetic - refers to whole body movement.
Olfactory - refers to sense of smell and taste.
Visual - refers to seeing visual depictions such as pictures and graphs.